ACL injuries are basically injuries which are musculoskeletal and which affect a person’s knees. They primarily occur among athletes. This is a condition which all athletic persons and physically active persons ought to know about. The chief reason for this is that the injury is immensely common to these persons. It is vital to know what brings about anterior cruciate ligament injuries, the persons who are at the most significant risk of sustaining it, and its treatment. The injury is basically signified by a popping sound within one’s knee, along with a wobbly feel to the knee and some swelling. The pain could be mild or it could be severe. If you have the injury, continuing to be athletically active will have severe consequences, such as massive cartilage damage, which may later bring about osteoarthritis.
Virtually all ACL injuries occur when the person’s knee gets straightened past its typical limits. It also occurs when the knee gets bent from one side to another, or when it is twisted. There are various situations which might lead to the injury. First, the athlete could rapidly alter their direction. They could also cut around another player or an obstacle while solidly planting a single foot to the ground. The sports where this is the most frequent cause are gymnastics, skiing, soccer, basketball and football. The second cause is when someone lands after making a jump with an abrupt slowing down. The risk is heightened if the athlete’s leg is slightly bent or if it is straight. Basketball is where this most frequently occurs. The third cause is stopping suddenly with one’s leg slightly bent or straight. It basically involves falling from a ladder, jumping from an extreme or a moderate height, stepping in a hole, or even missing one or two steps while walking down a case of stairs.
Women are at a more significant risk from suffering ACL injuries. They have smaller knee flexion angles than men while running and jumping. A small knee flexion angle is significantly more vulnerable to injury than a large knee flexion angle. In addition, most women typically have some strength imbalance; her, the muscles which lie at the front of their thighs, the quadriceps, are relatively stronger than the muscles which lie behind their thighs, the hamstrings. These hamstrings help in hindering one’s shinbones from moving excessively forward during their activities. As they land from jumps, some women might land on positions which stress their ACL.
There are two chief treatment methods. First is physical therapy. Here, the athlete receives a knee brace and crutches. They will also perform range-of-motion exercises to help them in regaining their complete motion. Stability exercises and muscle strengthening exercises are also performed. Second is surgery. It is virtually impossible to successfully sew back a torn ACL. Hence, the ligament is typically replaced by a piece of tendon which comes from another body part.
ACL injuries are often potent injuries which can damage the athlete’s career. Knowing about them is crucial.